I finished reading “Proust and the Squid: The Story and Science of the Reading Brain,” by Maryanne Wolf, last night. If you know me in ‘real life’ you might be surprised to hear that I just finished it; I have been talking about it for what now feels like months.
At the outset, the book was exciting — I couldn’t stop talking about the factoids and tidbits that I’d learned while reading. I made my mother (a teacher) read it. I’ve grilled friends who read it about what they thought. I’ve recommended it to still other friends.
But most of all, I was excited to read more about how Wolf applied her new understanding of “the reading brain” to our changing definitions (and applications) of literacy in a media-rich, digital environment.
In the opening chapter of the book, Wolf writes:
“What is being lost and what is being gained for so many young people who have largely replaced books with the multidimensioned “continuous partial attention” culture of the Internet? What are the implications of seemingly limitless information for the evolution of the reading brain and for us as a species? Does the rapid, almost instantaneous presentation of expansive information threaten the more time-demanding formation of in-depth knowledge? […] I will argue that unlike Plato, who with deep ambivalence straddled oral language and literacy, we do not need to choose between two modes of communication; rather we must be vigilant not to lose the profound generativity of the reading brain, as we add new dimensions to our intellectual repertoire.”
Unfortunately, the conclusion of the book goes more or less no further than that. I still recommend the book (with similar caveats as this reviewer), but I was left slightly unsatisfied.
The question of how our thinking is being impacted by technology is one a lot of people are asking. The New York Times recently ran an interesting (if somewhat hyperventilating) series on “Your Brain on Computers” that dealt with many of the swirling issues. I was a big fan of this piece, “We Need a Slow News Movement,” too. Wolf’s book is less concerned with understanding what technology might allow — that “profound generativity” that was so compelling in her opening passage — and more interested in how not to lose what we currently understand as literacy in our transitional moment.
Personally, I try not to engage in any (well, ok, much) hand-wringing over how technology is changing our culture(s). I think there’s a lot of exciting, creative thrust in much of the technology we’re building. At the core of Wolf’s argument is that idea that reading, as a technology, freed up our memory and our brain processing to allow us to think more analytically, more relationally. Reading, it seems, teaches us to think differently about the world around us — not only because of the content of what we read, but also because of what it requires of our biological infrastructure. Therefore, it seems likely to me that many computing technologies evolving today may further alleviate the brain’s workload around particular problems of analysis, freeing us up to discover new ways of thinking beyond the limits of today’s literacy.
Just like spoken language laid a foundation for the written word, and we still continue to speak and store phrases we’ve heard or read to memory, digital literacy will still require speech and written language as its foundations. The way in which we use and build those skills will, of course, change to better undergird our new digital literacy. How? Well, that’s what I was disappointed that the book didn’t address further.